Sunday, May 24, 2020

Deconstruction Of Online Realities Why They Censored And...

Name: Student Number: Course Name: Professor Name: Date: Deconstruction of Online Realities: Why They Censored and Western Philosophy of Ethics in Regards to Freedom of Expression This essay will thoroughly discuss the censorship and fundamental rights to Canadian and American Freedom of Speech. Ethics is philosophy. The Greek philosopher Pluto whose discussion was of image and reality and the way his standpoint was related into triggering the long-running dispute between those who champion sense experience (called empiricists) or perception that in their view that provides to them with an immediate and measurable grasp of reality versus those who uphold reason rather than the senses as the source of truth (called idealists). Since our sense can easily mislead us, we should, according to the idealists, strive to form ideas, abstracted from the particularity and changeability of any grasp of reality by our senses. The idealists thus emphasize that truth can only be attained by reason (Ruggiero, Plato and Theory of Forms, 2002). That is why the reason of exploring the online reality and fundamental human rights of speech are important to explore. The story of Reno versus ACLU tells us about Janet Reno American attorney general (1993-2001) in the United States, who was in the position of American Civil Liberty Union where an independent organization dedicated to preserve and extend the basic rights of the U.S. constitution. The Supreme Court decided that the

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Racial Awareness And Racism And Stereotypes - 1529 Words

Educators typically want students to become citizens who can successfully interact with a diverse world. But, how can we educate students in a way that can inspire them to accept and understand a range of people and cultures as well as counter racism and stereotypes? It all begins with the educators themselves having an open mind about different races, as they should act as models to the students. I believe that if teachers educate and enlighten their students about race and cultures, it would lower the chances of racism. Racial awareness is key in the early years of education as it allows students to develop more knowledge, therefore preventing racism and stereotypes. Instructors can model racial awareness to their students by†¦show more content†¦They focused on the racialized responses of both White teachers and teachers of color to anti-bias or anti-racist in service teacher trainings in both districts. Researchers had asked the teachers the following questions â€Å"(1 ) what messages about the nature of race and racism did teachers take from the trainings, (2) what structural limitations do these messages reflect, and (3) how does Harris’ (1993) concept of Whiteness as property illuminate the relationship between the individuals and the structure, between equality and equity?† (Vaught, 2008, p. 95). After the different questions were asked, researchers found that â€Å"data indicated that the messages teachers took and also created from the trainings were grouped under three interconnected themes: White privilege, individualism, and cultural awareness.† (Vaught, 2008, p.95). The racial attitudes expressed by teachers in this study were illustrative of larger structural racism that both informs and is reinforced by these attitudes in their practice. I think that this research was effective because the only way students are not informed and educated about racism, is if the teacher themselves are not informed or educated themselv es, or if they believe that the issue of racism is not important enough for their class. Another article that IShow MoreRelatedRacial And Ethnic Tensions That Can Affect Our Society1392 Words   |  6 Pagesdiscriminate or stereotype other individuals of a particular race, gender, age, or ethnicity? Because we live in world that is rapidly growing and becoming more diverse than ever, it is critical that we gain the knowledge and understanding of other cultures values, worldviews, and way of communication. In this lecture, we will address the racial and ethnic tensions that exist in our school. In addition, there will be a short play demonstrating issues involving discrimination and stereotype. At the endRead MoreRacial Discrimination : An American Civil Rights Activist942 Words   |  4 Pagesan American civil rights activist talked about racial discrimination in America today and said â€Å"As I often say, we have come a long way from the days of slavery, but in 2014, discrimination and inequality still saturates our society in modern ways. Though racism may be less blatant now in many cases, its existence is undeniable.† (Al Sharpton. Racial discrimination is a pessimistic reality that affects everyone in our society. Racism has destroyed and ended many lives but continuesRead MoreRacial Stereotypes And Racial Inequality1657 Words   |  7 PagesI. Introduction To this day there are still many unresolved issues of racial stereotypes and racial inequality throughout the United States. And it is undeniably seen that the world today embraces multi-cultural and sexual orientation, yet there is still an unsupportable intolerance towards ethnicities and difference. The biggest issue in the world today is the struggle for African Americans to end racial stereotypes that they have inherited from their past, and to bridge the gap between acceptanceRead MoreRacism and Stereotypes in the Movie Crash693 Words   |  3 PagesCrash is a movie about race and stereotypes and its effects on the various people living in the Los Angeles area. The movie boost racial awareness and it requires close observation from the viewer. We see a variety of races including African American men and women, several Hispanics, a Middle Eastern family, and a few Asians. We see the ups and downs of each character and it helps us see where they are coming from, and potentially why they are racist against different people. It seems that we almostRead MoreRacial Segregation And Popular Culture1676 Words   |  7 Pagesand disturbing portrayals of members in a racial group contribute to the justification of unequal treatment in various systems that impact people in the society negatively. Racial biases exist unconsciously in our attitudes. This leads to actions that are negatively interpreted in our cultures and diffuse in the media, which in turn, form prejudice and discrimination that structure systems to target minority groups. The two most frequent racial stereotypes in cultural and social agendas are popularRead MoreRacism And The Australian Human Rights Commission1626 Words   |  7 PagesRacism, wherever it occurs, has damaging effects. It can be defined as the belief that all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities, especially so as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race (Oxford dictionary). It can occur on indi vidual, internal,or institutional levels, and it can be either subtle or obvious (Jones,2000). Research confirms that racism is still prevalent in today’s society, in 2013 the Australian Human Rights Commission received a 59 per cent increaseRead MoreRacism And Racism In Society1702 Words   |  7 Pagesexist. It is all over our country. Racism is left in the open anymore, but people still have racist thoughts against people that live in America. Racism was not a big problem during the 1940s, when people were racist against the people around them. But now, things have gotten much better. The community, town government is trying to stop such racial problems. Racial problems and judgements not really exist in our community openly, but some remains of racial problems still remain in communitiesRead MoreRace From A Historical Perspective Within The Context Of Australia1733 Words   |  7 PagesRacism has been the ugly underbelly of Australian sport for over a century (Huma n Rights, 2007). According to Szoke (2012), ultimately, racism is a denial of human relationship (Szoke, 2012). There are many ways in which race and skin colour has been â€Å"marked† in sport in Australia. This essay will look at the many ways in sport in which race and skin colour has been represented to society. This essay will begin to look at race from a historical perspective within the context of Australia. It willRead MoreImproving Awareness Of The Indigenous Peoples And Cultures1478 Words   |  6 Pagesand schools are important contexts for shaping social norms (World Health Organization, 2003, p.3.6). This makes schools a primary setting for addressing the issue of discrimination and enforcing prevention strategies. The importance of improving awareness of the Indigenous peoples and cultures are recognised in the Australian Professional Standards for Teachers (AITSL, 2012), which state that teachers need to be able to understand and respect Indigenous peoples to promote reconciliation between IndigenousRead MoreNative Indian Culture : Color Blind Racism880 Words   |  4 PagesAnother form of racism placed onto Native Indian people is color-blind racism. This form of racism rationalizes â€Å"racial inequality as the outcome of nonracial dynamics† (Robertson 120). Color-blind racism takes the standards created by the dominant discourse and applies them to all ethnic groups, putting them on an even level plain field without recognizing historical or social context of each group. Therefore, according to color blind racism, the effects of casualties and stereotypical of Native

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Caring for individuals with additonal needs Free Essays

The medical model of disability views disability as a ‘problem’ that belongs to the disabled individual. It is not seen as an issue to concern anyone other than the individual affected. For example, if a wheelchair using student is unable to get into a building because of some steps, the medical model would suggest that this is because of the wheelchair, rather than the steps. We will write a custom essay sample on Caring for individuals with additonal needs or any similar topic only for you Order Now However the social model of disability would see the steps as the disabling barrier. This model has the idea that it is society that disables people, through designing everything to meet the needs of the majority of people who are not disabled. There is a realization within the social model that there is a great deal that society can do to reduce, and ultimately remove, some of these disabling barriers, and that this task is the responsibility of society, rather than the disabled person. The social model of disability focuses on people’s attitudes towards disability. These attitudes are many and varied, ranging from prejudice and stereotyping, to unnecessary inflexible organisational practices and procedures. An example of a medical model approach would be a course leader who refuses to produce a hand-out in a larger font for a visually impaired student. The student cannot therefore participate in the class discussion impacting on the students learning development and also could make that student feel isolated and alone. The medical model of disability also affects the way disabled people think about themselves. Many disabled people internalise the negative message that all disabled people’s problems stem from not having ‘normal’ bodies. Disabled people too can be led to believe that their impairments automatically prevent them from participating in social activities. This attitude can make disabled people less likely to challenge their exclusion from mainstream society. Regarding the social model, society is shown to disable people who have impairments because the way it has been set up prevents disabled people from taking part in everyday life. It follows that if disabled people are to be able to join in mainstream society, the way society is organised must be changed. Removing the barriers which exclude disabled people who have impairments can bring about this  change. An example of this would be a course leader meeting with a visually impaired member of the group before the beginning of a course to find out how hand-outs can be adapted so that the student can read them. Positive working practice allows health and social care workers to meet the specific needs of clients. Every area of work needs to make sure that it meets the needs of all individuals with additional needs. Positive working practice becomes a great addition when considering how it can be applied to help those with additional needs. Before this was brought in, it was a common for individuals with additional needs to be expected to fit in with the rest of society meaning that their needs were not being met. In recent years, this has been changed. Services provide a more patient orientated examination resulting in the patient being directly involved in every decision made. This left all decisive action down to them, ensuring they got the treatment they needed and felt comfortable with. How to cite Caring for individuals with additonal needs, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Mohandas Gandhi Persuasive Essay Example For Students

Mohandas Gandhi Persuasive Essay Mohandas GandhiBorn into a merchant family in 1869, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi wasunder the influence of powerful people. Members of his family had served asprime ministers of an Indian state for several generations. His parentswere strong in their religion, being devout and earnest Hindus. They were apart of a Hindu sect that worshipped Vishnu and promoted non-violence. Apparently, he was most influenced by his mother, a gentle andintelligent person. According to Hindu custom, he married at an early ageand grew to love his wife greatly. Together, they had four children andadopted a fourth. Later, in 1888, he travelled to England to become a barrister-at-law. There were several important influences that he encountered here: theWestern material style of life, which he decided not to follow, and in thesimple Russian way of living he found: the New Testament, and theBhagavadgita, the bible of the Hare Krishna movement. It was here that hedeveloped a sense of the presence of God in his life and the lives of men. Gandhi then returned to India and studied law in Bombay, but hequickly denounced it, feeling that it was immoral and could not satisfyones conscience. Despite this, he used his schooling to help plead forIndian settlers in South Africa that were being oppressed by the whitepopulation. His personal experiences, including being ejected from a trainin Maritzburg, of not being allowed the same rights as others lead him tobegin a movement to help his people. While in South Africa, Gandhi made himself poor so that he couldidentify with his the peasants. He then proceeded to start a colony thatconsisted of abused labourers. The colony became very large and many citieswere crippled by the lack of labourers. The government reacted to this byjailing Gandhi several times along with many other of his followers. Thewar he fought was one without weapons, already Gandhi was on his way tostarting his career of non-violent campaigns. The main idea behind Gandhis teachings was non-violence. The words ofthe Sanskrit language: ahinsa and sayagraha clearly express Gandhisbeliefs. The former means non-killing, non-destructive and the latter meansthe force of universal truth. He believed that the killing of man or beastis an unforgivable sin. Many who promoted these teachings of Gandhi simplybelieved that it was their only option for resisting imperialism ratherthan having a moral conviction towards his teachings. He taught that theweapon that could be used was the conscience of the aggressor. This ahimsais, to some degree, in the tradition of Hinduism. Hinduism teaches to stay away from temptation through variousexercises that test ones ability to perform a difficult task, thisdevitalizes a person and causes him to act on a non-violent level. In addition, he taught that one should act rather be held undersubservience. Gandhi himself once stated, Mere knowledge of right andwrong will not make one fit for salvationthe Gita says: No one hasattained his goal without action From this quotation, we learn that histeachings are influenced by the Bhagavadgita and that he believes that onemust act to reach a goal. But, he believed that one should denounce therewards and simply devote ones life to acting on the behalf of others andthat life should be lived near the soil, away from the influence ofmachines. Also, Gandhi strongly believed in upholding the caste system,believing that a person of one caste should stay a part of that caste. Healso upheld the old Hindu tradition of segregation of castes, indicatingthat, Interdining and intermarraige have never been a bar to disunion,quarrels or worse. According to Hinduism, the caste system lies in respectfor one anothers individuality. .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027 , .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027 .postImageUrl , .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027 , .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027:hover , .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027:visited , .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027:active { border:0!important; } .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027:active , .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027 .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u54da47fe6f39ddd145ca1c613f566027:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Plant, any member of the plant kingdom, comprising EssayGandhi is well known for his efforts in fighting imperliasm in Indiaand South Africa. His methods were, unique in that they did not involve theuse of weapons. During the South African War of 1899-1902 and during the Zulurebellion in 1906, Gandhi organised an ambulance corps consisting ofIndians to help the British fight. He believed that duty dictated that theIndian population had a responsibity to help the British when they were ina time of need. Perhaps he was trying to show them that the Indians put aneffort into helping the British forces just like everyone else and deservedthe same rights as everyone else. It is interesting to note that Gandhi did not promote fighting, but hehelped those who were in need of assistance. After the law was passed that all Indians were required to carry anidentity card with them at all times, Gandhi organised a group thatresisted the government. In 1914, Gandhi and his followers recieved theirfirst victory, the South African Government took away many of the laws thathad no real purpose except to humiliate the Indian people. When Gandhi returned to India in 1914, the Indian population had heardof his accomplishments and he was given the name Mahatma, which means aman of great soul. For the next little while, he examined the situationhere and, while doing so, attained a few victories in his fight againstoppression. Several times in 1917, he unhardened the spirits of peasantsand motivated them to rebel without the use of violence. In 1919, Gandhi called upon all Indians to engage in non-violentdisobedience against the British Government by withdrawing from Governmentjobs and from schools and colleges. The magnitude of this act showed whenmany cities were held at a standstill as the governmental system was unableto act. Such was the power of non-violent protest. When, in 1920, Gandhi became the leader of the Congress, more Indiansgave up their governmental jobs to join the movement. After many of hisfollowers were put into prison and cruelly dealt with, some people engagedin violence. Gandhis distaste for this reaction showed, yet he blamedhimself calling it a Himalayan miscalculation to have failed to teach thepeople how to react non-violently before asking them to protest. As aresult of his mistake, he called off the entire movement, thinking it hadbeen a failure. On the contrary, the movement had been a great success, nolonger did the Indians fear the British jails or the British guns. It wasevident now, that the British Government in India was inevitably going tofall. After many failures to reach an agreement with the British Governmentand after a short Individual Civil Disobedience movement where many wereimprisoned, the British finally gave the power to the Indians in 1946. But,the question remained as to whether or not the area should be separatedinto two on a communal basis. As a result, many riots broke out between thedifferent interests of the people. Gandhi himself was opposed to separation and to the violence that hadbroken out. He went from village to village trying to get the people tounderstand the benefits of unity, but it wasnt working. He was forced toagree with his comrades in the Congress who promoted partition into twoareas: India and Pakistan, which came about in 1947. In 1948, Gandhi was fatally shot by a Hindu fanatic. All over theglobe, there was a certain sadness as many realized that the man whom theyhad looked up to and followed was now dead. As Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, thePrime Minister of India, put it, The light has gone out of our lives andthere is darkness everywhere and I do not quite know what to tell you andhow to say it. Our beloved leader, Bapu, as we call him the father of ournation, is no more. .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de , .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de .postImageUrl , .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de , .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de:hover , .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de:visited , .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de:active { border:0!important; } .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de:active , .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ub0aab82d856f2f0cbf03efa6e66833de:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: All About Me EssayGandhis influence certainly spreads the globe. He has been the rolemodel for many famous, influential people. One of these persons is MartinLuther King, Jr (1929-1968) who was famous for leading a non-violentmovement for racial equality in the U.S.A.. Another person is Joan Baez(1941- ) who became famous as a folk-singer, a composer, and a guitarist. She lead many antiwar and civil rights movements in the U.S.. A thirdperson could be Nehru, the first Indian Prime Minister of India. He wasdeeply saddened by Gandhis death and could not have become Prime Ministerwithout Gandhis efforts. Indeed, Gandhi was a influential man who helped father the nation ofIndia as we know it today. Without him, the Indians might still be heldunder British rule. Without him, many might not have been inspired to fightracism or imperialism non-violently.

Sunday, March 29, 2020

Pricing Strategies in International Markets

Introduction The theory of marketing establishes pricing as one of the major contributors of the marketing mix. Pricing attracts potential buyers and inspire them to purchase goods. Fast food companies distribute and advertise their products using the marketing strategy; they also apply the strategy to retain a desirable business relationship with their clients. Pricing is important in marketing mix.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Pricing Strategies in International Markets specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is however one of the hard decisions experienced by fast food industries because of high competition rates (Myers 1997,p.20), local trading blocks, counter market requirements (Cavusgil Zou 1994,p.18) and harsh exchange rates (Knetter 1994,p.14). Fast food customers have different opinions about the products produced by different fast food restaurants depending on their pricing. For that reason, setting pr oduct price to satisfy different customers is a hard task. The price of a product may have an effect on consumer’s feelings about the quality of the product. Fast food companies have to come up with pricing strategies for their products in order to fit into global markets. Fast food industries are faced with a hard task of setting prices for global markets. Different countries have different decisions concerning products, their pricing and distribution in global markets and local markets (Jain 1998, p.71). In addition, other factors like trade penetration, product demand and competition, control over competition entry, market and environmental factors, fast cash recovery, political, social-cultural and economic factors should be considered when making pricing decisions for global markets. Pricing strategies Price is the value charged for goods and services in monetary terms. The price of a product takes into account the cost of producing the item, the cost involved in providi ng the item to the customer and the amount expected in profit to avoid being eliminated from the business.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In order for the fast food companies to stay in international markets, they should try to maintain best quality at lowest price. Price can be direct indication of quality of goods and services. Fast food companies should therefore consider different factors before pricing their products when venturing into global markets. Reasons for selling globally Companies opt to sell globally following the pull factors attracting them to foreign markets, and the push factors that make local markets unattractive. Some of factors that have led fast food companies to go international include: production of goods for international export only, congestion of local market thus goes globally to enjoy large economies of scale, the type of products that call for companies to operate globally and saturation of local markets. Fast food companies should consider pricing as a measure of readiness to face competition not only from local markets, but also from global markets. Being globally competitive is important for the success of fast food companies’ exports. It also strengthens the domestic companies to counter foreign imports. Success in exports is important to a nation’s economy, not only at macroeconomic level, but also at micro economic level. Fast food companies that are involved in global markets have an additional advantage to those at domestic market levels. These advantages includes: high levels of sales and opportunities, reduced production cost due to large sales volume, high profits due to low production cost , high competitive power increases the companies status at global market levels and taking advantage over large economies of scale. Fluctuations in prices of fast foods help the fast food companies to set p rices both domestically and globally. Discovery of new markets for their products with low local prices assists these companies in setting the prices of these products internationally. This helps in extending the life cycle of the product in the market. Fast food companies that operate internationally have the advantage of finding untapped markets for their products; therefore, they have a choice of fixing prices for their products.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Pricing Strategies in International Markets specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Pitfalls of international markets Knowing the pitfalls associated with international markets is a strategy that is applied by fast food companies when setting the prices for their products. Some of these pitfalls include: a lot of time is required by the management in decision making process and neglect of domestic industries as a result of a lot of devotion to international c ompanies by the key staff. Additional industry facilities maybe required and advertising and sales promotion might be needed to translate into overseas languages. The products might require more modification to cater for global market requirements and the companies may be required to offer credit facilities to curb competition and domestic custom transactions, which consumes lot of time. Considering these pitfalls is an important strategy that fast food companies should use when setting the prices for their products globally. Global markets vs. domestic markets Before making decision about setting prices for their products in global markets, fast food companies have a task of determining the factors that influence the environment in which the international market takes place. They should take precautions like making comparison between the natures of local market with that of international market. Basically, there are added complications associated with making sales across internatio nal borders. These challenges may be associated with environmental, economical, legal and cultural factors of the new global market. The company may be required to follow some regulations, both political and monetary; this may affect the initial stages of global pricing and marketing (Diamantopoulos 1995,p.6). Fast food companies that operate in international markets face more competition as compared to those operating locally. International markets are comprised of extra markets as well as new environments and parameters. This means that companies have to take more marketing and administration functions. Therefore, when pricing for global markets, these companies should consider the change in attitudes of the targeted clients. It is imperative to carry out a survey to get accustomed with the consumers’ culture, religion and language (Douglass Wind 1987, p.24).Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For fast food companies to survive and to be established in international markets, they have to think ahead of their local markets. The duty associated with global markets is similar to that of local markets. In both cases, consumers are the driving powers towards marketing, and therefore, companies need consistency in production. The pricing should match the market needs and their distribution channels. This can however be different in the domestic markets. Therefore, companies get used to the requirements of these domestic consumers. However, at global levels, economic, social, political and technological factors have been used to examine international market opportunities in pricing products. Social factors Different people from different cultures have diversity in tastes of products. When setting the prices for their products, fast food industries should put into consideration the population structure of the international market they are targeting. Most major international marke ts of western culture are comprised of an aging population. The demographic trends associated with countries like China and India indicate a high rise in global marketing. Social factors will incorporate the emergence of young people as a new market segment. New global markets, like Africa, are growing and becoming a significant part of international trade. Fast food companies have to consider the local languages, education and religion, values and attitudes, material culture and aesthetics. Fast food companies have the responsibility of cautiously studying the target group in the market, customer’s behaviors and their purchasing power. According to Douglass and Wind (1987, p.27), the level of pricing is a significant criteria applied by customers in determining the competitiveness of a product. In addition, other criteria like the quality of goods and their performance are also vital to customers. Therefore, when pricing, fast food companies must have information concerning perceptions, tastes, preferences and purchasing power of consumers in regard to the prices of the products (Theodosiou 2000, p.247). Technological factors In order to come up with good pricing strategies, fast food companies should examine the technological nature of the global market. Advancement in communication and infrastructure is a significant step in satisfying the needs of customers. Most international companies depend on already established local infrastructural networks for distribution of goods to their customers. This is cost effective and may have a great impact on price and profits. Technological advancements are dynamic phenomena. An ideal example is the Internet; it facilitates online transactions between companies’ suppliers, partners, customers and subsidiaries worldwide. However, it can also create an increase in competition, and therefore, technological advancements create both challenges and opportunities. Pricing is affected by environmental factors; by considering the fundamentals of cost and self interests of the companies, fast food industries should take advantage when there is a fluctuation in environmental factors (Williamson 1975, p.34). Due to technological improvements, environmental factors such as monetary and competitive forces affect the global performance. Economic factors The economic stability of any international market is measured using its Gross Domestic Product (GDP). An increase in GDP means an increase in demand for products and services. Fast food companies should put into consideration the flow and distribution of profits within the country which they want to invest. In this way, they are capable of determining their pricing following the GDP of that country. It is important for the companies to look not only the current economic development of a country, but also the future development. This can be determined by the overlook of country’s demographic trends, the trends on economic development and infl ation, income distribution and age, the state of urban growth as well as activities that will influence markets and pricing. The nature of the economy of a host nation affects the decisions concerning pricing. It affects the company’s costs; influences demand power of a particular product in the market and the will to purchase a product by the consumers (Whitelock Pimblett, 1997, p.48). Political factors According to Theodosiou (2000, p.249), pricing is determined by rules and laws which facilitate modifications of goods, compliance with the hygienic standards, environmental policies, and production procedures that exists in global markets. Policies set by the government of foreign countries are vital in lawmaking and establishment monetary frameworks. For fast food companies to carry out their businesses in global markets, they should abide by these rules and regulations when setting prices for their products. Policy environment For fast food companies to make decisions abo ut pricing their products in foreign markets, they should put into consideration the environmental factors of such markets. These factors are put in place to determine whether such decisions are opportunities or constraints in that market. The social and cultural structure of such a market is the determining factor that is first put into consideration. By accepting bilateral market agreements and other fiscal and policy interactions, companies should also abide by the country’s marketing standards and rules. Therefore, companies must obey the law; know government policies and the way they are created. This is vital for their decision making concerning the product pricing (Myers Harvey 2001,p.4) Conclusion Pricing can be considered as one of the greatest challenges faced by fast food companies. Making decisions concerning the price in global marketing is a complicated task. It may comprise the cost of production, cost of distributing the goods and the outcome of goods in term s of profits in order to remain in the market. Appropriate pricing considers the costs, competition and demand for the product in the market. In local markets fast food companies have a freedom to price their products without taking into account the pricing policies of their competitors. This also applies to international markets where the market is dominated by many competitors. Fast food companies are left with no choice but to follow the existing price, or sometimes lower their prices to sell more and win more customers. Refrences Cavusgil, T Zou, S 1994, â€Å"Marketing Strategy-Performance Relationship: An Investigation of the Empirical Link in Export Market Ventures†. Journal of Marketing , vol. 58 no. 1, pp.1-21. Diamantopoulos, A 1995, Making Pricing Decisions: a Study of Managerial Practice, London, Uk, Chapman and Hall. Douglass, P Wind, Y 1987, â€Å"The Myth of Globalization†. Columbia Journal of World Business , vol. 22 no. 1, pp.19-29. Jain, S 1989, â⠂¬Å"Standardization of International Marketing Strategy: Some Research Hypotheses†. Journal of Marketing , vol. 53 no. 1, pp.70-79. Knetter, M 1994, â€Å"Is Export Price Adjustment Asymmetric? Evaluating the Market Share and Marketing Bottleneck Hypothesis†. Journal of International Money and Finance , vol. 13 no. 1, pp.13-68. Myers, M 1997, â€Å"The Pricing of Export Products: Why Aren’t Managers Satisfied with the Results†. Journal of World Business , vol. 32 no. 3, pp. 277-289. Myers, M Harvey, M 2001, â€Å"The Value of Pricing Control in Export Channels: A Governance Perspective†. Journal of International Marketing , vol. 9 no. 4, pp.1-29. Theodosiou, M 2000, â€Å"Factors Influencing Degree of International Pricing Strategy : An Empirical Investigation†. Marketing in a Global Economy Proceeding , vol. 36 no. 3, pp. 246-530. Whitelock, J Pimblett, C 1997, â€Å"The Standardization Debate in International Marketing†. Journal of Global Marketing , vol. 10 no. 3, pp.45-66. Williamson, O 1975, Markets and Hierarchies: Analysis and Anti-trust Implications, New York, The Free Press. This essay on Pricing Strategies in International Markets was written and submitted by user Raquel Wilder to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Croatia essays

Croatia essays The Croatian society went through a lot of changes to get to where they are today. The Croatians have worked very hard and gone through a lot of suppression. I will start with a brief history, and then I will explain some of the customary traditions and expressions of the Croatian society. Croatia became a part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes against the will of its people after the crumbling of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire. For the first time, Croatia's self-governing practice was interrupted, with all activity of the Croatian parliament suspended and the Croatian state divided within the Kingdom. In 1928, Croatian representatives were shot in the Belgrade Assembly; among the killed were Croatian Peasant Party, Stjepan Radic. The following year, Serbian King Alexander Karadjordjevic proclaimed a royalist dictatorship. In 1939, the Banovina of Croatia was formed in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In 1941, after Germany occupied and partitioned the Kingdom of Yugoslavi a, the "Independent State of Croatia" was announced. Although the idea of Croatian statehood was supported, the majority of Croatians opposed the Axis occupation of Croatia and founded the anti-fascist movement under the leadership of Josip Broz Tito and Andrija Hebrang. The communist domination of Yugoslavia stifled the development of Croatian statehood and democracy after the war. In 1971, the Croatian democratic movement, known as the "Croatian Spring," was ended. The first free democratic elections were held in Croatia in April and May 1990. The Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), led by its founder and President Dr. Franjo Tudjman, won the election on a platform that united all Croats around the idea of a sovereign, democratic state and national reconciliation. The first democratically elected Parliament was constituted on May 30, the day that has come to mark Croatian statehood. In the referendum held in May 1991, ninety-four percent of Croati...

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Fedex Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Fedex - Research Paper Example New Customer Center offers first-time visitors to set an account and get a FedEx welcome kit ( However, this official web-site of the company does not provide a visitor with an opportunity to learn about corporate history and culture. This shows that the organization’s major goal is to really acquire new clients and provide current ones with an easy-to-use and quick online ordering service. Another aspect of the mission statement consists in striving to â€Å"develop mutually rewarding relationships with its employees, partners and suppliers† ( This aim is also reflected in the philosophy of the company, which they call PSP. PSP stands for People-Service-Profit. FedEx believes that if they take care of their employees, the employees will be providing excellent service to customers and be fully devoted to their company in return. The customers, in their turn, will be providing the company with profitability ( So, the company treats people as their greatest asset that will deliver customer satisfaction, which is the key to organization’s success, development and profitability. The company’s founder, Frederick W. Smith, believes that corporate philosophy is one of the most important factors that have led FedEx to success. The philosophy, according to Smith, is the key to getting the commitment of employees. Profit sharing, promotions, and complaint procedures are tools FedEx uses for making their employees happy and, consequently, highly productive. The management system, Smith says, is based on constant quality improvement and tendency to absolute perfection (â€Å"Frederick W. Smith Interview†). Like all the decent corporate cultures, that of FedEx also has a corporate myth. It is a story about a delivery person who, having a wrong key to a drop box, unbolted and took that box to the office in order to deliver the